Stormwater management is the process of taking efforts to prevent the runoff of rainwater and other fresh water into the streets. By indulging in stormwater management both the quality and quantity of fresh and edible water will increase.
Generally, if water hits the soil, it gets absorbed due to the porosity of the soil. If there is enough moisture
and when the ground is saturated by water, there will not be any penetration. The water will either stagnate or will running above the surface and get collected in the sewers and ditches in the road.
How stormwater management helps?
In developed cities and urban areas, most of the surfaces are either covered by road or by concrete flooring. These hard surfaces prevent the natural penetration of water into the grounds. In most of the cases, the water will get into the storm drains, sewer plan
and drainage systems. These waters that are collected are sent to seas and other freshwater bodies that will affect the quality of water and also a lot of aquatic life.
Restricting the flow of stormwater will help to remove the pollutants in the initial stages. It is one of the important aspects of stormwater management. Surfaces that are porous allow water penetration. Culverts, gutters, storm sewers, conventional piped drainage and grey infrastructures
are the ones that do not allow water penetration. The blue/green infrastructure is the one that will contribute to better stormwater management.
When it comes to the personal contribution, the most important thing that you can do is to educate yourself regarding this issue. You must have a clear idea about the property of the surfaces where the rainwater and snowmelt are not getting absorbed. By having the required knowledge, you can implement the right practices to make the necessary changes which will result in better stormwater management.
Benefits of stormwater management
At this point in time, stormwater management is not luxury; it is a necessity. Freshwater bodies are one of the biggest natural resources that are on the verge of depletion. It is high time that we take necessary steps to take care of it, and one of the steps that need to be taken immediately is stormwater management which will have a lot of positive impacts.
Protection of freshwater bodies
There will be a constant supply of water to the fresh water
bodies which can be used for our everyday purposes.
Improved water quality
We have come to a point where we need to spend some money on quality water. If proper stormwater management is done, then we can easily get good quality water.
Conservation of water resources
Freshwater resources are very few, and we are making the maximum use of it. Stormwater management will help to protect the freshwater bodies.
By providing the right spaces to flow will be able to eliminate floods completely. Even the excess water can be saved and can be used in the future.